Odontoglossum Care: The Basics
Odontoglossum (oh-don-tuh-glos-uhm) orchids are a genus that has approximately 100 species and numerous hybrids which range in bloom size, color, and patterns.
At the base of the Odontoglossum orchid there is a
projection that looks like teeth and a tongue. This is
where the Odontoglossum orchid genus gets its name.
The Greek words odonto means “tooth” and glossa,
They are cool growers and are almost all epiphytes (air dwellers). The plants will grow from one to three leaves per pseudobulb. The older pseudobulbs will drop their leaves over time but remain plump to serve as support and water retention for the newer growths. Over time a spike will develop from between the pseudobulb and one of the basal leaves.
Many varieties of Odms produce long, impressive spikes of blooms. Some of the Odontoglossum orchid hybrids can even produce multiple spikes with multiple blooms. Odontoglossum orchids generally bloom once every nine to ten months
and the blooms last for up to six weeks
A Odontoglossum orchid should be watered in the morning using tepid water. This will give the orchid adequate time to dry before the temperature drops at night. You will want to make sure that you don’t let the Odontoglossum orchid get completely dry between each time you water. These orchids like to be damp, although not soggy. Watering frequency – as covered in this article about watering orchids – can be determined by a few different things. In order to tell if you are not watering often enough you will need to check the foliage. If the Odontoglossum doesn’t have enough water, the leaves will begin to pleat and the pseudobulbs will begin to look shriveled.
As covered in this article about orchids care and light, Odontoglossums thrive with medium light conditions. They like bright but indirect light. If your orchid is receiving too much light the leaves may get reddish streaks or the foliage may sunburn. A great inside location to place your Odontoglossum is on a western or eastern facing windowsill or within one foot of a southern facing windowsill.
As discussed in this orchid plant care article on temperature, Odontoglossums are cool growers and the temperature requirements for them are daytime temperatures somewhere between 65°F to 75°F (18.3°C to 23.9°C) and night temperatures between 50°F and 55°F (10°C to 12.8°C). Odontoglossum orchids are able to withstand temperatures outside of these requirements for a few days, although exposure to extreme temperatures for more than a few days could prevent the flowers from opening.
Odontoglossums thrive in humid conditions between 40-80%. As covered in this “humidity” article on how to care for orchids, if you need to increase the humidity for your orchid, you have several different options such as a humidity tray or humidifier. It is also important to remember that the more humid you keep the orchids environment, the more air movement your orchid will need to help prevent any disease. To help increase air movement an oscillating or ceiling fan is recommended.
Odontoglossum orchids should be fertilized about twice a month with a diluted fertilizer solution. It is important to never fertilize an orchid that is completely dry because this can cause severe damage to the roots. An orchid fertilizer mix of (20-20-20) is recommended unless your medium consists of bark. If you are growing your Odontoglossum in bark medium you should choose an orchid fertilizer that is higher in nitrogen (30-10-10) because when the bark breaks down, the process uses up a lot of the nitrogen.
Odontoglossum orchids should be repotted in a fine grade potting mixture every one to two years or once the potting medium no longer drains properly or if the plant has grown too large for the pot. Before repotting, you should always trim away the damaged roots with a sterile cutting tool. The best time to repot your Odontoglossum is usually in the spring, once the orchid has finished blooming and you start to see new growth begin to show. Once you have repotted your Odm, you should keep the humidity around the plant higher than usual and also decrease the amount of watering until you
see new roots begin to emerge.
And that just about covers the basics! :-)
Next Steps: Where do you go from here?
A couple options:
#1 – More Free Odontoglossum Tips!
At a minimum, I strongly recommending signing up for our orchid tips newsletter (it’s free!). That’ll give you some additional (more detailed) step-by-step tips you can start using with your Odontoglossums right away…
#2 – Get Access to ALL My Articles on Odontoglossums…
If you’d like to learn everything you need to know about Odontoglossum orchid care (and caring for ALL types of orchids) we also have something called the Orchids Made Easy Green Thumb Club.
The Green Thumb Club includes a number of different benefits – including weekly lessons on all different orchid care topics delivered to you in a special, password-protected members area. You also get the opportunity to get YOUR actual questions answered in my weekly “Ask The Orchid Guy” column, which you can check out here.
The Green Thumb Club costs less than a meal at McDonald’s – and ALSO includes all sorts of ADDITIONAL benefits, including exclusive discounts at orchid suppliers from 20-40% off as well access to our “orchid diagnosis tool” which helps you identify what problem might be plaguing your plant.
Because the club is backed by a full 100% money-back guarantee for a full 30 days, if after checking it out you decide that it’s not for you or that you didn’t get value you out of what you learned – no problem! Simply send us an email to let me know, and you’ll receive a fast and courteous refund. Put it this way: If you’re not happy, I’m not happy!
(By the way, this link here will give you access to 50% off the cost of membership. A little “gift” for reading this article all the way to the end :-))
All my best,
Ryan “The Orchid Guy” :-)
IMPORTANT: To learn everything you need to know about caring for your orchids, if you haven’t already I strongly recommend signing up for the “Orchid Care Tips & Secrets Newsletter” my wife and I publish by clicking here.
It’s completely free – and the best part? You can even choose the type of information you’d like to receive (reblooming tips, basics of orchid care, etc.) Join over 20,000 fellow orchid enthusiasts young and old and sign up for our free orchid care newsletter today! :-)
Hybrid Connect Error : Connector could not be found