Brassia Orchid Care

Brassia Orchid Care: The Basics

Brassia (BRASS-ee-ah) orchids are often referred to as the “Spider Orchid” because the petals of the blooms are elongated, narrow, and spiky and resemble a spider’s legs. Brassia orchids are a small genus of 30 to 40 species with numerous hybrids, and when it comes to Brassia orchid care, there are a few important things to know:

Brassia orchid care

The petals of the Brassia orchid are yellow or green in color with brown or maroon striping or spotting. The lip is large and flowy and is white with some coloration. Flower spikes can grow to be quite long, and have many flowers alternating on each side of the spike.

The reason that the Brassia orchids look like spiders is to attract female spider wasps which are it’s pollinators. The Brassia’s blooms mimic the appearance of the spiders that these wasps hunt. When the female spider wasp goes in for the kill, she is instead covered in the Brassia flower’s pollen. She then goes on to her next target and the next Brassia orchid flower is subsequently pollinated.

Water Requirements

Watering frequency – as covered in this article about watering orchids – can be determined by a few different things. While the orchid is in active growth, during the warmer months, you will want to water approximately once or twice a week and when the orchid is not in active growth, you will want to reduce the watering frequency. A Brassia orchid should be watered in the morning using tepid water. This will give the orchid adequate time to dry before the lower night temperature sets in. Don’t let the Brassia’s roots dry out completely.

Light Requirements

As covered in this article about orchids care and light, Brassia orchids need medium light intensity in order to thrive. Brassias can be grown on any windowsill in the home except for a north facing one. If you decide to grow your orchid in a south facing window you will want to make sure that you filter the light with a sheer curtain so that the plant doesn’t get direct sunlight because this could cause sunburn. When a Brassia is receiving the ideal amount of light its leaves will be yellowish-green in color. If your Brassia orchid is receiving too much light, the leaves will become more yellow than green in color or too little light will cause the leaves to become a very dark green color.

Temperature Requirements

As discussed in this orchid plant care article on temperature, the ideal daytime temperatures to grow your Brassia orchid is between 65°F to 75°F (18.3°C to 23.9°C), and night temperatures should be between 55°F to 65°F (12.8°C to 18.3°C ). Brassia orchids are able to sustain temperatures up to 85°F (29.4°C), although they will need more frequent watering in order to ensure that they do not completely dry out. We don’t recommend subjecting your orchid to temperatures higher than the recommended temperatures.

Humidity Requirements

As covered in this “humidity” article on how to care for orchids, Brassia orchids thrive in humidity levels between 50-70 percent. The humidity level can be easily increased in your orchids growing area by placing your orchid on a humidity tray. These are found in orchid specialty stores and sometimes also in home improvement stores. Remember, it is important that your orchid’s roots do not directly sit in the water. When you have high humidity levels, it is equally important to maintain proper air movement to prevent orchid disease from developing. If you notice that your orchid is beginning to develop brown spots on its leaves, this is an indication that you need to increase air circulation. You can increase air movement for your orchid by placing an oscillating fan nearby.

Fertilizer Requirements

Brassias should be fertilized when in active growth with a diluted solution. It is important to flush out any excess fertilizer (once a month) so that the excess build-up of salt does not do damage to the plant’s roots or leaves. After your orchid has finished blooming, you can hold off on fertilizing your orchid until you begin to see new growth.

Potting Requirements

Brassia orchids should be repotted once every two years or once the potting medium becomes decomposed and no longer drains properly. A course-grade potting medium consisting of bark, coconut chips, charcoal, or perlite is ideal and will provide proper drainage.You will want to repot after the orchids flowers have bloomed. Before repotting your orchid, you should trim away any damaged or rotting roots with a sterile cutting tool.

And that just about covers the basics! :-)

Next Steps: Where do you go from here?

A couple options:

#1 – More Free Brassia Tips!
At a minimum, I strongly recommending signing up for our orchid tips newsletter (it’s free!). That’ll give you some additional (more detailed) step-by-step tips you can start using with your Brassia right away…

#2 – Get Access to ALL My Articles on Brassias
If you’d like to learn everything you need to know about Brassia orchid care (and caring for ALL types of orchids) we also have something called the Orchids Made Easy Green Thumb Club.

The Green Thumb Club includes a number of different benefits – including weekly lessons on all different orchid care topics delivered to you in a special, password-protected members area. You also get the opportunity to get YOUR actual questions answered in my weekly “Ask The Orchid Guy” column, which you can check out here.

The Green Thumb Club costs less than a meal at McDonald’s – and ALSO includes all sorts of ADDITIONAL benefits, including exclusive discounts at orchid suppliers from 20-40% off as well access to our “orchid diagnosis tool” which helps you identify what problem might be plaguing your plant.

Because the club is backed by a full 100% money-back guarantee for a full 30 days, if after checking it out you decide that it’s not for you or that you didn’t get value you out of what you learned – no problem! Simply send us an email to let me know, and you’ll receive a fast and courteous refund. Put it this way: If you’re not happy, I’m not happy!

(By the way, this link here will give you access to 50% off the cost of membership. A little “gift” for reading this article all the way to the end :-))

Until next time,
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Ryan “The Orchid Guy” :-)


IMPORTANT: To learn everything you need to know about caring for your orchids, if you haven’t already I strongly recommend signing up for the “Orchid Care Tips & Secrets Newsletter” my wife and I publish by clicking here.

It’s completely free – and the best part? You can even choose the type of information you’d like to receive (reblooming tips, basics of orchid care, etc.) Join over 20,000 fellow orchid enthusiasts young and old and sign up for our free orchid care newsletter today! :-)

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